AUSTERLITZ (Cz. Slavkov u Brna; also Nové Sedlice; Ger. Neu-Sedlitz), town in S. Moravia, now the Czech Republic, famous as the site of Napoleon's victory in 1806. Its Jewish community was one of the oldest in Moravia. It had a cemetery dating from the 12th century and is first mentioned as the place of origin of Moses b. Tobiah, whose Sefer ha-Minhagim is dated 1294; about the same time the existence of a yeshivah there is mentioned. In 1567 the sale of houses between Jews and Gentiles was prohibited, and its Jews owned fields. There were 65 houses in Jewish ownership in Austerlitz before the Thirty Years' War (1618–48), and 30 after it. In 1662 and 1722 the Moravian synod (see landesjudenschaft ) convened there, and the "shai" (311 = שי״א) takkanot were signed there. At the end of the 17th century the destruction of the Jewish cemetery was ordered. Most of the Jewish quarter, with the synagogue, was burnt down in 1762 and all the Moravian communities contributed toward its reconstruction. Seventy-two families were authorized to reside in Austerlitz in 1798 (see familiants ). A new synagogue was built in 1857, at which time the Jewish population was 544. In 1905 there was an outbreak of antisemitic riots. There were only 66 Jews living in Austerlitz in 1930. Under the Nazi occupation they were deported to Theresienstadt in 1942, and from there to Auschwitz. Synagogue equipment was sent to the Central Jewish Museum   in Prague. The Jewish quarter is preserved in its original form. Austerlitz gave its name to several Jewish families who are found in Central Europe. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. Gold (ed.), Die Juden und Judengemeinden Maehrens (1929), 111–6; Flesh, in: JJV (1924–25), 564–616; B. Bretholz, Geschichte der Juden in Maehren (1934), index; I. Halpern, Takkanot Medinat Mehrin (1942), 114–8, 212–8; S. Hock, Die Familien Prags (1892), index; B. Wachstein, Die Inschriften des alten Judenfriedhofes in Wien, 1 (1912), index; idem, Die Grabschriften des alten Judenfriedhofes in Eisenstadt (1922), index. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Fiedler, Jewish Sights of Bohemia and Moravia (1991), 164.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Austerlitz — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término Austerlitz puede hacer referencia a: La localidad checa de Slavkov u Brna, cuyo nombre en alemán es el de Austerlitz. La batalla de Austerlitz, librada en la localidad anterior durante las Guerras… …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Austerlitz — Austerlitz,   tschechisch Slavkov u Brna [ slafkɔf ubrna], Stadt im Südmährischen Gebiet östlich von Brünn, Tschechische Republik, 6 300 Einwohner;   Wirtschaft:   Maschinenbau, Zuckerfabrik, Holzindustrie.   Stad …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Austerlitz — (tschech. Slavkov), Stadt in Mähren, Bezirksh. Wischau, an der Littawa und der Staatsbahnlinie Brünn Vlarapaß, Sitz eines Bezirksgerichts, hat ein gräflich Kaunitzsches Schloß mit Park, eine schöne Kirche, Dampfmühle, Zuckerfabrik, Bierbrauerei,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Austerlitz — n. a decisive battle during the Napoleonic campaigns (1805); the French under Napoleon defeated the Russian and Austrian armies of Czar Alexander I and Emperor Francis II. Syn: battle of Austerlitz. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Austerlitz — (en tchèque Slavkov) bourg de Moravie où Napoléon Ier battit les Autrichiens et les Russes le 2 déc. 1805 (bataille des Trois Empereurs), alors que brillait le soleil d Austerlitz . Le 26 déc., Napoléon imposa le traité de Presbourg …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Austerlitz — Austerlitz, 1) fürstlich Kaunitz – Rietbergsche Herrschaft im Kreise Brünn (Mähren); 2) (Slawkow), Stadt darin gl. Namens an der Littawa, Schloß, Park, schöne Kirche, Gemäldesammlung, Kaserne, Synagoge; 2300 Ew. Hier im Österreichisch… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Austerlitz — Austerlitz, Stadt in Mähren, an der Littawa, (1900) 3145 E.; hier 2. Dez. 1805 Sieg. Napoleons I. über das russ. österr. Heer unter Kutusow (Dreikaiserschlacht) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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  • Austerlitz — Austerlitz, batalla de …   Enciclopedia Universal

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